The Memory Theory

This theory claims that what makes one person identical to another at some other time is that they share at least one experience memory (John Locke).

The power of this theory is that it can explain how a “body switch” is possible without assuming the existence of some non-physical stuff.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
The Memory Theory
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

However, there are 3 major objections:

1. Inconsistency Objection

Reid’s Brave Officer example show that the memory theory does not allow identity to be transitive, which it is.

This objection can be overcome by including intermediate “person stages.”

2. Circularity Objection

(Butler) The memory theory appears to be circular. To identify a “real” memory, we already need to know that it is the same person who had the previous experience.

This objection may be overcome by speaking of “quasi-memories.”

 

3. Insufficiency Objection

Memory may be important to identity, but it is not sufficient. Who we are also includes our desires and intentions. To be the same person, one must be psychologically contiguous.

(thus, giving us the Psychological Continuity Theory of personal identity)

 

The insufficiency objection introduces the fourth theory of personal identity, the psychological continuity theory. To understand this account, we must first understand a few terms.

1. A person has a quasi-memory if and only if (a) she seems to remember an experience, (b) somebody actually had the experience, and (c) the person’s seeming to remember the experience is caused by the actual experience.

2. A person has a quasi-desire if and only if (a) she seems to desire something, (b) somebody actually does desire that thing, and (c) the person’s desire is caused by the actual desire.

3. Two people are psychologically connected if they quasi-remember and quasi-desire the same thing.

 

Psychological connectiveness is not transitive. If A and B are connected, and B and C are connected, this does not guarantee that A and C are connected.

 

Now, if two people form part of an overlapping series of persons who are psychologically connected, then they are psychologically continuous.

 

• Psychological Continuity Theory

This theory claims that what makes one person identical to another at some other time is that they are psychologically continuous with one another.

 

The power of this theory is:

1. Simpler than the Soul Theory

2. Accounts for a “body switch”

3. Allows for an afterlife

4. Avoids all 3 of the problems for the memory theory

a. answers Ried’s brave officer example (psychological continuity is not transitive)

b. Is not circular (because of the quasi-memory)

c. it allows for more than memory to be a part of identity (thus overcoming the insufficiency objection)

 

There is a major problem however:

Psychological continuity is a one-many relation, identity however is a one-one relation. The examples of the transporter and Williams’ “Guy Fawkes” are meant to show this. Many different people could be psychologically continuous, but they cannot all be one person (they are numerically different, thus they cannot be numerically identical).

Academic Heros
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Our writers are encouraged to read and research widely to have rich information before writing clients’ papers. Therefore, be it high school or PhD level paper, it will always be a well-researched work handled by experts.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

For one to become part of our team, thorough interview and vetting is undertaken to make sure their academic level and experience are beyond reproach, hence enabling us give our clients top quality work.

Free Unlimited Revisions

Once you have received your paper and feel that some issues have been missed, just request for revision and it will be done. In addition, you can present your work to the tutor and he/she asks for improvement/changes, we are always ready to assist.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All our papers are sent to the clients before the deadline to allow them time to review the work before presenting to the tutor. If for some reason we feel our writers cannot meet the deadline, we will contact you to ask for more time. If this is not possible, then the paid amount will be refunded.

Original & Confidential

Our writers have been trained to ensure work produced is free of plagiarism. Software to check originality are also applied. Our clients’ information is highly guarded from third parties to ensure confidentiality is maintained.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support team is available 24 hours, 7 days a week. You can reach the team via live chat, email or phone call. You can always get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You have had a hectic day, and still need to complete your assignment, yet it is late at night. No need to panic. Place your order with us, retire to bed, and once you wake up, the paper will be ready.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

It does not matter the urgency of your paper, or the academic level, our team is ready to help you 24/7. Just contact us and all your academic needs will be sorted.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

A student is often required to write an admission letter requesting to be admitted in a certain institution. For you to be gain that admission in your dream institution, you must write a convincing letter. You can depend on our team for the best admission letters.

Reviews

Editing Support

Academic writing is not just about getting information and throwing it all over. Our team will ensure you have a polished paper that is coherent and has a good flow of information. We also ensure the paper follows the correct formatting styles like APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago/Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If our writers write a paper but you are not satisfied in one way or another, you can always ask for revision. This is totally free. Our writers and editors will revise your paper untill you are be totally satisfied. We as well offer revision for papers not done by our writers at a small fee.