Nonexperimental Designs

Most Nonexperimental designs can describe behaviors, but cannot explain behaviors, and are used in situations in which an experiment is not practical or desirable (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). There are, however, both advantages and disadvantages to each approach:

Naturalistic observation is a descriptive method of study where one observes behavior as it happens naturally (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). This approach is often used in studies of animals in the wild and in captivity. When observing animals in their natural habitat, a difficult but important task is to try to stay hidden, as animals and humans cannot behave the same if they know they are being monitored. It is important not to alter behaviors by disrupting their habitat. Observing an animal or human in their natural habitat allows researchers the advantage of watching natural behaviors and actions unfold without any restrictions (Myers, & Hansen, 2012).

Phenomenological studies focus on an individual’s immediate experience and cannot be replicated. Since its primary focus is on our own experiences, it cannot be certain that the results are biased based on our individual focus on an experience (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). Typically, phenomenological when used is combined with other design approaches. One other disadvantage is that, like phenomenological studies, naturalistic observation cannot be replicated.

Case studies require no manipulation as well; case study research is conducted by an observer on a real-life, behavior, or both (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). There are very few restrictions on information that can be used in a case study, and case studies are used frequently with forensic psychology and clinical psychology. Cases studies are known to have persuasive value and can provide exceptions to certain theories and practices. Case studies are great for researching rare disorders and can even be used to sell individuals of specific products (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). A couple of significant disadvantages in using case studies are the limited number of subjects involved in a case study, it may t be the best representation of the general population, and the use of retrospective data can be unreliable.

Archival studies are the study of pulling a previous study and revaluating it for a different study (Myers, & Hansen, 2012). Some advantages to archival studies are the researcher does not have to worry about disrupting natural behaviors like in other approaches to nonexperimental designs, but there is not a guarantee that the previous research pulled to be utilized is accurate. The disadvantage of using archival research is that the data may not directly respond to the research question, so the data may have to be re-coded to answer a new question.

Case studies are particularly interesting to me; if I had to choose no experimental design, I would choose case studies. They can be utilized to persuade new practices or procedures, for investigative purposes in multiple fields of study, and researchers can compare different case studies for differences that could infer advances in the psychology field. While there is no guarantee that each case study could be used to describe the general population, they can assess rare cases

Academic Heros
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Our writers are encouraged to read and research widely to have rich information before writing clients’ papers. Therefore, be it high school or PhD level paper, it will always be a well-researched work handled by experts.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

For one to become part of our team, thorough interview and vetting is undertaken to make sure their academic level and experience are beyond reproach, hence enabling us give our clients top quality work.

Free Unlimited Revisions

Once you have received your paper and feel that some issues have been missed, just request for revision and it will be done. In addition, you can present your work to the tutor and he/she asks for improvement/changes, we are always ready to assist.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All our papers are sent to the clients before the deadline to allow them time to review the work before presenting to the tutor. If for some reason we feel our writers cannot meet the deadline, we will contact you to ask for more time. If this is not possible, then the paid amount will be refunded.

Original & Confidential

Our writers have been trained to ensure work produced is free of plagiarism. Software to check originality are also applied. Our clients’ information is highly guarded from third parties to ensure confidentiality is maintained.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support team is available 24 hours, 7 days a week. You can reach the team via live chat, email or phone call. You can always get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You have had a hectic day, and still need to complete your assignment, yet it is late at night. No need to panic. Place your order with us, retire to bed, and once you wake up, the paper will be ready.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

It does not matter the urgency of your paper, or the academic level, our team is ready to help you 24/7. Just contact us and all your academic needs will be sorted.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

A student is often required to write an admission letter requesting to be admitted in a certain institution. For you to be gain that admission in your dream institution, you must write a convincing letter. You can depend on our team for the best admission letters.

Reviews

Editing Support

Academic writing is not just about getting information and throwing it all over. Our team will ensure you have a polished paper that is coherent and has a good flow of information. We also ensure the paper follows the correct formatting styles like APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago/Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If our writers write a paper but you are not satisfied in one way or another, you can always ask for revision. This is totally free. Our writers and editors will revise your paper untill you are be totally satisfied. We as well offer revision for papers not done by our writers at a small fee.