Automated Systems

As we discussed before, automated systems are in the business of not simply “predicting” but producing crime. In Europe as elsewhere, already racialized and criminalized groups that try to exercise their newfound right to avoid data dragnets simply by opting out become doubly suspect: “What do you have to hide anyway?” (Recall the assumption of guilt for those who refused DNA collection by the United Kingdom’s Human Provenance Pilot Project, discussed in chapter 3.) In this way, data portability, like other forms of movement, is already delimited by race as a technology that constricts one’s ability to move freely.

Efforts to combat coded inequity cannot be limited to industry, nonprofit, and government actors, but must include community-based organizations that offer a vital set of counternarratives about the social and political dimensions of the New Jim Code. Too often, “inclusion” is limited to the visible representation of people of color and presumes that those who have been excluded want to be part of a tech future envisioned by others. As one reviewer put it, “Microsoft ‘Improves’ Racist Facial Recognition Software” – a win for inclusion! A loss for justice?

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Automated Systems
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Abolitionist toolmaking must entail the democratization of data – both its design and its application. For example, the DiscoTech (“discovering technology”) model developed by the Detroit Digital Justice Coalition is a replicable approach that aims to demystify tech as a first step toward mobilizing community participation in questioning and shaping “data-driven” decisions that impact people’s lives.

Similarly, the Our Data Bodies (ODB) project retells stories of surveillance and data-based discrimination from the perspectives of those who are typically watched but not seen. The ODB team recently published a Digital Defense Playbook – an abolitionist tool based on in-depth interviews with community research participation in three US cities.70 The Playbook presents some of the strategies that individuals and organizations are using; but, in the spirit of Frederick Douglass’ admonishment about the upperground railroad, not everything that the team knows is exposed. Detroit-based digital justice activist Tawana Petty put it bluntly: “Let me be real, y’all gettin the Digital Defense Playbook, but we didn’t tell you all their strategies and we never will, because we want our community members to continue to survive and to thrive and so … the stuff that’s keepin’ them alive, we keepin’ to ourselves.”

If we come to terms with the fact that all data are necessarily partial and potentially biased, then we need long-term approaches that optimize for justice and equity. Timnit Gebru, computer scientist and founder of Black in AI, urges companies to give more information not just to users, but also to researchers. For any set of data, they can include “recommended usage, what the pitfalls are, how biased the data set is, etc.” She says: if “I’m just taking your off-the-shelf data set or off-the-shelf model and incorporating it into whatever I’m doing, at least I have some knowledge of what kinds of pitfalls there may be. Right now we’re in a place almost like the Wild West, where we don’t really have many standards [about] where we put out data sets.”

Academic Heros
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

Our writers are encouraged to read and research widely to have rich information before writing clients’ papers. Therefore, be it high school or PhD level paper, it will always be a well-researched work handled by experts.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

For one to become part of our team, thorough interview and vetting is undertaken to make sure their academic level and experience are beyond reproach, hence enabling us give our clients top quality work.

Free Unlimited Revisions

Once you have received your paper and feel that some issues have been missed, just request for revision and it will be done. In addition, you can present your work to the tutor and he/she asks for improvement/changes, we are always ready to assist.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All our papers are sent to the clients before the deadline to allow them time to review the work before presenting to the tutor. If for some reason we feel our writers cannot meet the deadline, we will contact you to ask for more time. If this is not possible, then the paid amount will be refunded.

Original & Confidential

Our writers have been trained to ensure work produced is free of plagiarism. Software to check originality are also applied. Our clients’ information is highly guarded from third parties to ensure confidentiality is maintained.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support team is available 24 hours, 7 days a week. You can reach the team via live chat, email or phone call. You can always get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You have had a hectic day, and still need to complete your assignment, yet it is late at night. No need to panic. Place your order with us, retire to bed, and once you wake up, the paper will be ready.


Essay Writing Service

It does not matter the urgency of your paper, or the academic level, our team is ready to help you 24/7. Just contact us and all your academic needs will be sorted.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

A student is often required to write an admission letter requesting to be admitted in a certain institution. For you to be gain that admission in your dream institution, you must write a convincing letter. You can depend on our team for the best admission letters.


Editing Support

Academic writing is not just about getting information and throwing it all over. Our team will ensure you have a polished paper that is coherent and has a good flow of information. We also ensure the paper follows the correct formatting styles like APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago/Turabian.


Revision Support

If our writers write a paper but you are not satisfied in one way or another, you can always ask for revision. This is totally free. Our writers and editors will revise your paper untill you are be totally satisfied. We as well offer revision for papers not done by our writers at a small fee.