To economists, the output of the educational process—namely, students’ achievement—is related directly to a
series of inputs. These inputs include the schools’ characteristics (including student demographics) and the
types of resources given to schools. These include real classroom resources (teacher education pre- and
in-service, teacher experience, teacher–pupil ratios, curricula and instructional materials); financial resources
(expenditures per pupil and educators’ salaries); and other resources (specific teacher characteristics and
skills, administrative costs, and facilities). Family socioeconomic status and community variables are also
essential educational inputs. All these factors have interactive and cumulative effects on student learning.
Realistically, public policy can affect the school-based input factors but not the personal or home-based input
factors. Outputs can be measured by proxies for students’ learning including standardized achievement test
scores, school attendance rates, and high school dropout and graduation rates. Economists use the
“educational production functions”—the relationship between inputs and outputs (through correlation or
multivariate analyses) or “cost-quality” studies—to speculate about why public school costs (inputs) keep rising
while student performance (outputs) does not.
From an economist’s perspective, an inefficient school or district is one that generates lower than
expected outcomes (outputs) with higher than expected expenditures (inputs). In the economists’ view,
inefficient schools lack the correct choice of input mix, given the price of inputs and value of outputs. As they
see it, no strong or systematic relationship appears to exist between school spending (for items such as
teacher salaries, teachers’ years of experience in the classroom, and class size47) and student
achievement/performance.48 By contrast, an efficient school or district is one that generates higher than
expected outcomes using lower than expected expenditures. A school or district is “cost efficient” if it can
produce the expected outcomes under given circumstances—including student population, school district size
and location, differences in competitive wages for teachers, and costs for health care, heating and cooling, and
transportation—at the minimum “cost.”
Why Work with Us
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
Our writers are encouraged to read and research widely to have rich information before writing clients’ papers. Therefore, be it high school or PhD level paper, it will always be a well-researched work handled by experts.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
For one to become part of our team, thorough interview and vetting is undertaken to make sure their academic level and experience are beyond reproach, hence enabling us give our clients top quality work.
Free Unlimited Revisions
Once you have received your paper and feel that some issues have been missed, just request for revision and it will be done. In addition, you can present your work to the tutor and he/she asks for improvement/changes, we are always ready to assist.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
All our papers are sent to the clients before the deadline to allow them time to review the work before presenting to the tutor. If for some reason we feel our writers cannot meet the deadline, we will contact you to ask for more time. If this is not possible, then the paid amount will be refunded.
Original & Confidential
Our writers have been trained to ensure work produced is free of plagiarism. Software to check originality are also applied. Our clients’ information is highly guarded from third parties to ensure confidentiality is maintained.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support team is available 24 hours, 7 days a week. You can reach the team via live chat, email or phone call. You can always get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
You have had a hectic day, and still need to complete your assignment, yet it is late at night. No need to panic. Place your order with us, retire to bed, and once you wake up, the paper will be ready.
It does not matter the urgency of your paper, or the academic level, our team is ready to help you 24/7. Just contact us and all your academic needs will be sorted.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
A student is often required to write an admission letter requesting to be admitted in a certain institution. For you to be gain that admission in your dream institution, you must write a convincing letter. You can depend on our team for the best admission letters.
Academic writing is not just about getting information and throwing it all over. Our team will ensure you have a polished paper that is coherent and has a good flow of information. We also ensure the paper follows the correct formatting styles like APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago/Turabian.
If our writers write a paper but you are not satisfied in one way or another, you can always ask for revision. This is totally free. Our writers and editors will revise your paper untill you are be totally satisfied. We as well offer revision for papers not done by our writers at a small fee.